by Gila Ansell Brauner
Landmarks from Madrid:
28 September 1995 "Oslo II" - , the Interim Agreement, signed: details of redeployment in Areas A, B, C; specification of issues to resolve in the interim period or in Final Status accords.
January 1996 - Palestinian elections held; Yasser Arafat elected
May 1996 - Token opening of Permanent Status talks - substantial negotiations delayed because of Israeli elections.
1 April 1999 - Target date for end of transition period.
October 1999 - Target date for signature of Final Accord.
The Cairo Agreement detailed arrangements for "Gaza & Jericho First" and set out a step-by-step program for extension of autonomy within a specified time-frame, without this being conditional on bilateral implementation or objectives.
Major fundamental and controversial areas, such as: Jerusalem; the future of Israeli settlements on the West Bank/Judea & Samaria; the Palestinian refugees [from '48 and '67] were deferred to the permanent status negotiations.
The Main Problems:
Spates of serious suicide bomb attacks on Israel by the above groups and public concern in Israel over personal security.
Non-extradition by the PA of terrorists to Israel.
Israeli concern over the viability of security provisions, permeability of patrol points and routes.
Major donor countries find no infrastructure to channel their promised funds efficiently for the development of the Autonomy and refuse to honor them in full; others do not fulfil their pledge.
Non-confirmation by documentation of the repeal of anti-Israel clauses in the Palestinian National Covenant.
Security closures of Autonomy areas cause economic breakdown, generate further hostility.
Change of government in Israel, May 1996, leads to: delay in implementation of Hebron redeployment as it stood; incidents of conflict with casualties; new positions on the final settlement negotiations.
Non-implementation of free passage routes between Gaza & Jericho for cases of abuse of privilege and because of closure regulations.