The Western Wall (Wailing Wall)
When Rome destroyed the second temple in 70 C.E., only one outer wall remained standing. The Romans probably would have destroyed that wall as well, but it must have seemed too insignificant to them since it was not even part of the Temple itself, but just an outer wall surrounding the Temple Mount. For the Jews, however, this remnant of wall of what once was the most sacred building in the Jewish world quickly became the holiest spot in Jewish life. Throughout the centuries Jews from throughout the world made the difficult pilgrimage to Palestine, and immediately headed for the Kotel ha-Ma'aravi (the Western Wall) to pray to God. The prayers offered at the Kotel were so heartfelt that Gentiles began calling the site the "Wailing Wall." The name has stuck ever since. Orthodox Jews pray three times a day at the wall for the Temple's restoration, and Jews for centuries have come to the wall to lament the loss of Jerusalem and the Temple.
Along the outer face of the Herodian western wall of the Temple Mount, a long narrow tunnel was dug slowly under the supervision of archeologists. The tunnel has been systematically reinforced with concrete supports. A stretch of the Western Wall nearly 1,000 feet (300 meters) long was revealed in pristine condition, exactly as constructed by King Herod. In this tunnel, you are actually walking on the original pavement from the Second Temple period and following in the footsteps of the pilgrims who walked here 2,000 years ago on their way to participate in the rituals on the Temple Mount. Perhaps Jesus himself walked along these very stones.